Moor & More - moor plants on the Wilder Kaiser in St. Johann in Tirol
Water and light – that's all moor plants need to survive. They are perfectly adapted to suit the extreme conditions on the moors, yet they are sensitive to any change in their habitat. The best known and probably most characteristic plants on the moor is peat moss, which holds up to thirty times its own weight in water. The part of peat moss which dies away contributes to the formation of turf. Layers of turf create a substrate for many other, in part endangered, plants, for instance sundew - from the group of carnivorous plants. In early summer the blossoms from cotton grasses lend a beautiful white shimmer to the moors in the Kaiser mountains. The cotton grass forms soft areas of grass and propagates by way of its runners.
Sedges, rushes and bulrushes can also be found at the edge of the moor. These are also part of the sedge family and create the characteristic “bitter meadows” here. In days of yore these were continuously mown to yield hay for horses; these days they are no longer used because of their low nutritive value, which has brought about scrub encroachment in these areas.